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Every year in England alone we throw away some 25.5 million tonnes of rubbish in our waste bins and it increases each and every year as we throw more and more rubbish away, and the population continues to expand.

That's enough rubbish to fill every Premiership football stadium in the country and with such large quantities of rubbish, litter and trash, it's a miracle we are not all knee deep in filth.

While most of us aware that our rubbish has to end up somewhere, few people take the time to think where all this waste is going and whether or not we will ever run out of capacity on our burgeoning landfills.

There are really only three methods of dealing with household waste and each comes with its own costs and disadvantages:


Perhaps the preferred and most eco friendly method of dealing with waste and rubbish is to recycle it. Recycling is just a term to describe reusing materials, either in their original guise or by breaking them down to their raw materials. Paper, glass, metal and a whole host of materials can be reused and recycled which reduced the amount of waste that is just dumped on landfill. Many houses now have recycling bins for separation of these items. However, not everything we throw away can be recycled and it can often be costly.

Much of our recycling is also exported abroad added further environmental costs to our rubbish disposal as well as causing environmental problems in many of the developing countries this rubbish gets shipped to.


Sadly the majority of what we throw away in our rubbish bins ends up in landfills. A landfill is just a dump where items are permanently stored until the landfill is full and then it is covered over. Some items on landfill sites slowly degrade, especially organic waste but a lot of what is dumped on our landfills can last for years and years.

However, landfills are not all bad news. The gases produced by rotting rubbish is now being harvested as a source of energy and many former landfills while unsuitable to build homes on are often turned into nature parks or other green environments.


In areas where there is insufficient space incineration is still regularly used to get rid of rubbish. Incineration is perhaps the most environmentally damaging method of removing rubbish but in many areas there is little choice. The energy from the incinerators can be harvested though so it is not all bad news when it comes to burning rubbish.


Mahabharata and Ramayana are the two great epics of India. There are several classical literatures in various regional languages. English language is known to Indians only for the past 300 years. But Literature in India in English has reached new heights and there are thousands of lovers of English literature in India too. Especially some writings have reached classic level and have received attention worldwide.

These literatures can be broadly classified into two. The first is literature written by Indians on Indian background and the second is by English writers about the events in India. ‘Freedom at Midnight’ belongs to the second category and it is one among the most widely appreciated book on events in India.

This book covers the events that led to the partition of India, India’s attaining freedom, the mindless violence between the Hindus and Muslims, the great Kashmir problem, annexing of Princely States and finally the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.

In this article we shall see important aspects of the book with particular reference to Gandhi’s assassination.

1. The Building up of the Story:

The contents of this book dealing with contemporary History can be called a ‘story’ because the events recorded therein were more moving than a story. It starts from the meeting Lord Mountbatten had with the British Prime Minister Attlee. The entire first chapter deals with appointment of Lord Mountbatten as the last viceroy of India with the assignment of giving freedom to India. The primary question dealt with was how to give freedom to India and more importantly, the safe passage of British in India, who were accustomed for luxurious lives

2. Enters Mahatma Gandhi:

The Mahatma enters the narration through a description of famous Noakhali tour wherein he made an unsuccessful attempt to stop the Hindu-Muslim violence. He was humiliated by mediocre leaders of both the religions. The authors made a deep study of newspapers of those days and give a genuine account of the happenings.

The process of giving freedom starts with Lord Mountbatten’s taking charge as viceroy. He had several rounds of talks with Patel, Jinnah, Nehru and Gandhi who had the importance in India’s freedom in increasing order. Gandhi and Jinnah have a special place in this final solution, Gandhi as Father of the Nation in India and Jinnah, as The Creator of Pakistan.

3. The Misery of Partition:

The authors describe the actual partition as ‘The most complex divorce in History’. Not only the land was divided, but also properties were divided as in the case of family partition.

The cost of the partition was paid by the citizens of border States, Punjab in North, West Bengal in east whereas much bloodshed was there in other states too.

The violence is described in detail in the chapter ‘Our people Have Gone Mad’. The mindless violence brings tears in the eyes of any leader.

The author says that “if a person is killed in the violence, it is a ‘mercy’ shown to him, because acid attacks, raping, disfiguring and other tortures were very common. Kidnapping of minor children, raping and killing them were very rampant. They were identified by various religious marks in their bodies and were mercilessly tortured.

A multi millionaire from Lahore will become a beggar in one day and he has to walk long distances without food or water to come to Delhi whereas an Industrialist in Punjab had to walk in the reverse direction and reach Karachi by foot by losing everything. There were several trains which reached India with full of dead bodies. By all counts, the authors state that at least for the Muslims who were displaced to Pakistan, a good future was awaiting because it was a new born country whereas for Hindus, who reached Delhi, there was no future at all. They were not accepted by their relatives, rejected by erstwhile friends and were literally orphans in the streets of Delhi and Calcutta. They have to reach a country which expected only labour from the subjects and nothing to offer to the refugees. There were murders and bloodshed everywhere and in this atmosphere India got its freedom ‘at Midnight’

4. While the World Slept:

This chapter deserves special mention because it gives minute to minute account of freedom of India and Pakistan. The salient features are:

13.8.47: While entire India was waiting for getting its freedom and when most of the leaders were preparing to enjoy powers, Mahatma Gandhi who led the freedom struggle by non-violent means did not take part in the celebrations, instead he was walking across jungles of Noakhali to stop the mindless violence among the two communities. The hatred against Gandhi by Hindus who were very severely affected by violence started from this place. In fact, pathos of the story starts from here and a gloom falls on readers indicating the tragedy which looked imminent in the near future.

14.8.47: It marked the last day as Viceroy for Lord Mountbatten. The last order he signed was elevating Nawab’s Australian Begum to the dignity of Highness. The order was placed on his table at 11.58 P.M. With a sign of purest pleasure illuminating his face, he took his pen and performed the last action as viceroy of India

14.8.47 Midnight:

“When the whole world sleeps India awakes to freedom” Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India hoisted the National flag with these words and declared India had become a free nation henceforth.

If everything went on well, the book should have been over with these lines of Nehru. But not much sweet things were waiting for Indians after independence.

A Tamil poet, after 50 years of Independence wrote: “We got freedom at Midnight, never to see the dawn of the day”, how true!

Lord Mountbatten was made First Governor General of India till Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) was elected for the post. India continued in League of Commonwealth Nations. These were magnanimous gestures on the part of Nehru and his Government. But this same magnanimity created a perennial problem for India i.e. KASHMIR.


Kashmir had a special place in the hearts of both Nehru and Jinnah. Pakistan planned a tribal invasion into this valley. Because of the invasion, the king Hari Singh annexed Kashmir with India. Nehru very liberally assured a plebiscite and also declared a ceasefire. Till date, a part of Kashmir is with Pakistan which India is calling as Pak occupied Kashmir (P.O.K) and Pakistan claiming it as Azad Kashmir (Independent Kashmir). This is the major thorn in the relationship between the two countries for which no immediate solution is in sight.

The book fulfils the demand for humour in the chapter on Maharajas (Kings), through the descriptions of the palaces, tigers, elephants and jewels. Maharajas lost their crowns and were forced to annex their states to Indian Province, thanks to the efforts of Patel (known as the Iron Man of India). The descriptions of the lives of kings their funny decisions and eccentricities provide some relief to the otherwise a very serious subject handled by the book.

6. The Second Crucifixion:

None other title might have aptly described the assassination of Gandhi like this title which equates Gandhi with Jesus Christ whose crucifixion was the first.

The day was Friday the 30th January; 1948.The killer was a Hindu whose name was Nathuram Godse. There was absolutely no proper security for Gandhi except his personal assistants, most of them being ladies. Gandhi made his last walk to his usual evening prayer. The killer, concealing the pistol in his palms approached Gandhi, bowed before him and said to him “Namaste Gandhiji”.

Using his left hand, Godse brutally thrust the assistant out and then took out the black Baretta pistol in his right hand and triggered three times. Gandhi gasped “Hey Ram” (Oh God) and with the final gesture of blessing the assassin, he fell down lifeless. That was one of the most unforgettable moments in Man’s History.

7. Reactions:

The very first question Lord Mountbatten asked, on hearing the news of Gandhi’s assassination was, “Who did it?” He was relieved when he came to know that a Hindu killed him (not a Muslim) for had a Muslim killed him India would be living another ghastly massacres the world had ever seen. The possible slaughter was avoided by repeatedly announcing ‘a Hindu assassinated Gandhi’, in All India Radio and both Hindus and Muslims mourned the death of the great person.

Jawaharlal’s eyes were filled with tears as he stepped before the microphone of All India Radio. “The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere,’ he said, “The father of the Nation is no more”.

George Bernard Shaw made the punching remark “It shows how dangerous it is to be good”

Albert Einstein

“Generations to come, it may be, will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this Earth.”

J.Krishnamurti, deviating from his usual practice of not commenting about deaths of leaders commented, “It is not a single man who killed Gandhi. We, the entire population have killed him because our petty religious fanaticism”

This was reflected in the editorial comments of the Hindustan Standard which stated:

“Gandhi has been killed by his own people for whose redemption he lived, the second crucifixion in the History of the world has been enacted on a Friday- the same day Jesus done to death one thousand nine hundred and fifteen years ago. Father, forgive us”


The reader closes the book with a heavy heart. This book is a must read for any patriotic citizen with a sense of sacrifice.

But, when we come to the state of affairs prevailing in present day India, it gives rather a gloomy picture. Rampant corruption, bribery everywhere, power mongering, manipulated elections, communal clashes, caste differences and things of this sort are predominantly ruling India. We cannot avoid thinking “Is it for this we got freedom, is it for this thousands of freedom fighters sacrificed everything and languished in Jails, Is it for this Apostle of Peace sacrificed his most invaluable life?” It is the prayer of every Indian that Mahatma Gandhi should be reborn again in India.

The greatest success of the book “Freedom at Midnight” lies in the fact that it creates this awakening among the readers.

I wish the readers of this article all success!

One of the signature symptoms of Andropause is erectile dysfunction (ED). An embarrassing, nerve-wrecking experience, ED is when a male cannot perform for his female partner. In layman’s terms, it is the inability to have an erect penis during sexual activity.

It is the primary issue amongst men in regards to their sex lives. Let’s become acquainted with how a full erection works and why this condition exists. Men under the influence of Andropause have erectile dysfunction no matter what’s on their mind. Thinking of a nude Playboy centerfold model would likely induce pleasant and sexual thoughts into a man.

Sexual thoughts, however detailed or brief they may be, are produced in the brain. After all, the brain is responsible for thinking. These sexual thoughts directly spark nerve signals down through the spinal cord and into the muscles of the penis. These nerves send a flow of blood running through the arteries in the penis while it is in a relaxed state, building pressure.

A man without Andropause can have a constant, steady flow of blood flowing to his penis arteries in a good amount. The more blood that flows down there, the harder and longer your erection will be! When sexual thoughts creep out of your mind and you’re focused on another activity, your penis returns to its relaxed state. We can guess Andropause sufferers are going to have to do something else rather than think about that nude Playboy model to obtain an erection!

Erectile dysfunction can attribute to psychological causes. Psychological causes can include having fear of our female partners (especially when it is a specific person with whom we feel shy with), depression, lack of self esteem, and cluelessness as to what to do with certain parts of the female anatomy. Our bodies are exposed “to the air” and we often times feel ashamed of what we look like to our partners. Mind thoughts and emotions that are pessimistic in nature not only affect your mental state, but the performance of your penis as well.

As with other medical conditions, the effects of impotence can be magnified if we do not follow a proper health regimen. The top dog in promoting erectile dysfunction is the use of drugs, particularly the cancer sticks you find over the counter – we all know which one that is. Cigarettes reduce the amount of blood flow to the penis. Undergoing surgery and prescription drugs also contribute to the problem, like tranquilizers, medications for seizures, beta blockers, and diuretics. Even a simple over the counter drug like NyQuil Cold & Sinus (a decongestant) can reduce blood flow to the penis, at least temporarily.

We’ve probably all seen those commercials before. You know, the one with Rafael Palmeiro (major league baseball player in his late 30’s) promoting the use of a special pill known throughout the globe as Viagra. Viagra is a staple of American culture – the subject of endless tonight show monologue jokes and a popular conversation topic anywhere. At a cursory glance, Viagra may seem like a sideshow attraction, but its been proven to be one of the most effective drugs you can take for erectile dysfunction.

Using Viagra requires a doctors prescription, but it is so readily available you can get away without one. Before considering going on this pill, maintain a healthy lifestyle and build up those testosterone levels naturally. Make a visit to your doctor to discuss a proper dosage and see if Viagra is right for you. Remember, there are many erectile dysfunction pills out there – the goal is to see which best suits your condition. Don’t fret over this condition – with the plethora of solutions and medications combating this problem, you’ll be fine in no time.

When rugby players use strength training programs to help improve their game they should approach it with very specific goals in mind. At the same time it should be kept as simple as possible, especially if the player is inexperienced.

Before a program is written the player needs to be assessed. If a good coach or trainer is available this will make the whole process much easier. If not, the player can do something of a self-assessment that can be used to design an appropriate program.

The assessment process starts with questions. These questions identify what the player wants to achieve from the training. The person designing the program needs to consider both the player and the coach when assessing. The players own goals for the game are obviously the primary concern but the coach may have certain qualities they want the player to develop. Because they choose the team it makes sense to include them. The player may wish to make a representative team so it would be wise to get input from the coach or selector of that team if possible as well.

By looking at what the player wants to gain, and looking at what he needs to work on to please the coaches, the designer already has a basic framework to start from. The next step is to look at how the player functions or moves, then how that compares with how they will need to function and move in order perform at their target level. Strengths or weaknesses uncovered in this step will further refine the program towards the players specific needs which will in turn advance them towards their goal. The possible tests for this step are endless, but should also follow a process of refinement.

For example a player may desire more speed over 40 meters. The trainer needs to know how fast the player can run over 40 meters, then examine how he runs, then identify what can be done to improve it. Just because its a training program it does not mean that it should all be about lifting weights or strength training. Its about achieving a goal. It could be that the player is held back over the 40 meters by tight hamstrings plus weak quadriceps. Strength work would obviously apply to training the quads, but mobility rather then weightlifting would be needed for the hamstrings to improve.This approach targets the players specific needs, getting him to his goal efficiently and effectively.

A training program finds, then addresses needs in such a way that it uses every available tool in the most appropriate way. By using those tools in a well directed, focused manner, time is saved, so goals are achieved faster. Generic training programs are a wasted opportunity for people to really work on what they need for improvement.

Good program design will deliver an accurate set of guidelines for the player to follow. This need not be a complicated process but it will require some effort in the early stages to do the assessments, plus get input from strength or athletic performance experts if its needed, however the pay off at the end makes all the attention to detail well worthwhile.

A well constructed sports pitch and a quality surface will enhance the standard of the game being played and the players' performance. Non league through to professional clubs and their ground staff aim to provide the best sporting experience within their budgetary constraints.

Professional advice can ensure you get the best pitch within your budget and will help avoid future performance issues, which can include poor surface drainage, sunken areas, excess compact, and poor root growth.

A sports ground contractor can offer different construction and maintenance options. These should cater to your clubs requirements while delivering you a project to the highest standards and with minimal disruption to the club.

When choosing your sports turf contractor look for accreditations or associations they have from professional bodies which relate to pitch specifications, standards of work and materials used. These may be from the IOG or LDAA as examples.

Sporting bodies also offer advice and specifications for pitch construction for each sport. These can be found on the SAPCA website.

The site works for the following sports would typically involve the following:

Football & Rugby Pitch Construction

  • Site set up.
  • Strip the existing surface using a GKB Combinator or Koro Field Top Maker.
  • Football or Rugby pitch drainage solution to include main drain and laterals, backfilled with drainage gravel and sand.
  • Spread and laser grade sports sand / rootzone.
  • Final ground preparation using a Blec Rotor Rake.
  • Apply a pre turf or seed fertilizer.
  • Surface installation with football turf or sports seed.

Bowling Green Construction

  • Site set up.
  • Excavation of the base.
  • A bowling green drainage solution using a main and laterals backfilled with washed drainage gravel.
  • Laser grade a gravel over the entire crown green bowls surface.
  • Install concrete channels around the edge of the playing surface.
  • Laser grade rootzone across the surface.
  • Apply a pre turf or seed fertilizer.
  • Surface installation with Bowling Green turf.

Cricket Wicket Construction

  • Site set up.
  • Strip the existing surface using a GKB Combinator.
  • Install cricket wicket primary drainage solution using a main drain and laterals back filled with washed drainage gravel and drainage sand.
  • Spread a gravel carpet to create a drain layer.
  • Spread and laser grade topsoil.
  • Spread and laser grade heavy loam topsoil.
  • Spread and laser grade topsoil.
  • Final ground preparation by hand raking.
  • Apply a ryegrass Cricket sports seed.

Facebook is no longer just a hangout for teens and college kids.    In fact, the fastest growing Facebook demographics consist of white-collar workers and women over 55.   Recent updates to Facebook have made it more powerful than ever for business and organizations to utilize for increasing their visibility and creating viral marketing campaigns.  

In fact there are 8 primary reasons that you should be on Facebook if you are serious about using the Internet to systematically attract your ideal clients and professional opportunities.

  1. Facebook has more than 135 million users, of which more than 40 million are active on a monthly basis.  These users include your friends, prospective clients, colleagues, current clients, business partners and prospective joint venture partners.   Do not miss out on opportunities to connect and engage your target market with the power of Facebook.
  2. Increase your visibility.  Use the updates feature on Facebook to post useful and fun information.   Your updates show up on the home pages of your Facebook friends, so make use of this great tool for visibility.  Rotate between updates that educate, entertain, inform or inspire your Facebook friends.   Alternating between the types of updates allows you to establish yourself as a thought-leader while showcasing your personality and building personal connections.
  3. People who are on Facebook are open to connecting.   Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn are powerful tools for getting past gatekeepers and moving directly to your ideal contact.    You can find your industry influencers by checking the fans pages of charitable organizations (e.g., Junior Leagues),  public figures (e.g., President Barack Obama) and industry groups (e.g., Lawyerpreneurs).  
  4. Build relationships in a casual environment.   Responding to status updates and sending direct messages to someone with whom you are trying to build rapport are great ways to establish a connection upon which a business relationship can be formed.
  5. Learn more about your niche.   Facebook users give up lots of valuable information that can use utilized in your marketing campaigns.  Facebook is a powerful tools for gathering data related to profession, relationship status, hobbies, interests, affiliations, etc.   This type of information is extremely valuable when crafting messages for your target audience.
  6. Gain Google Currency.   Facebook fan pages are indexed by Google, which presents a wonderful opportunity to use keyword rich updates and descriptions on your business site or public profile page.    It is important to take advantage of this free way to increase your search-ability and Google currency.
  7. Use Facebook Social Ads to attract traffic to your business.  Facebook Social Ads are an extremely useful way to place extremely targeted advertisements at a minimum cost.
  8. Digital Word of Mouth Marketing.   Facebook is an effective way to build a digital viral word of month campaign because when your Facebook friends and fans interest with your page, all of their friends and fans can see their interaction with your brand through the updates that occur on your friends’ walls.   This is valuable as the Facebook friends of your Facebook friends are likely to follow their friends’ lead by checking out your fan page or group page.   See how this works?   If not, call us – we can help!

As mentioned above, Facebook Groups, Business Pages and Public Profile pages are effective ways to attract people to your business and professional brand.   Get started by creating a Facebook personal profile and then establishing either a Facebook group or fan page (or both!) to start building your virtual business community.

Football is the king of all sports, it is sport which combines strength with intelligence, courage and elegance, attracting a lot of young kids, who try to copy their idols they see on television. Also, they feel happy of being able to achieve performance in such a domain.

Football is a team sport which is played between two teams made of eleven players, each of them trying to introduce the ball in the goal, hitting it with their foot or with any other part of their body, except for the arms. This sports game is one of the phenomena of our era and we can admit that is the most appreciated sport played today. This sport was first mentioned in England in 1175. The French used to play a similar game called “La soule” and the Italians used to play “Il giuoco del calcio”.

The first details referring to football appeared in England in 1602, when there were two such games. Starting with the eighteenth century, the English started playing rugby, the players being forced to hit the ball with their foot, which led to the name it has today.

The 26th of October 1863 is the date when the first football association and the first regulations were created, there being thirteen articles referring to the rules of this sport. In 1904, FIFA was founded, which brought a series of changes in the regulations of this sport. In 1930, FIFA organized the first World Championships, which took place in Uruguay.

January and February oftentimes feel rather flat, especially when the weather's cold and miserable. There may be little to look forward to, so it's up to us to become proactive, herald a few changes and inject a little sunshine into our lives.

– Get something in the diary. Finances may be strained after Christmas, but there are still ways to socialize with friends. Arrange a meal and ask everyone to donate a dish and / or bottle. That way you can enjoy a fun time for relatively little expense. Suggest everyone dresses up to make the evening extra-special.

– Have you heard of a safari supper, where one course is eaten at each person's house and then everyone moves on? Again a fun, inexpensive and unusual way to brighten up the darker evenings.

– Add your name to several mailing lists. There are often free or two-for-the-price-of-one deals going around, especially after Christmas. Or look out for free or inexpensive concerts, exhibitions and events that appeal enough to prompt you and your pals to go.

– Invest in your home. Add some color, bright prints, warm fabrics, lovely fragrances, so that your home is a pleasurable place to be, whether you're on your own or with friends. Often local markets and craft fairs offer unusual, inexpensive items that can add a special touch to your home. Lighting is especially important during the winter months so introduce lamps, side lights and even candlelight at this time of year.

– Board games and cards can bring a lot of fun to colder, darker evenings and can become an enjoyable part of your winter activities. Find your competitive side and plan a get-together at virtually no cost.

– Do not forget to include opportunities for exercise and fresh air. Weekdays might be difficult to arrange but make the most of the weekends, with outdoor strolls in the park, treasure hunts and nature walks. Follow with a relaxing pub lunch or a warm soak in the bath with a mug of hot chocolate. Or arrange a game of rounds or football with friends and neighbors.

– Make the most of this season's fruits and vegetables and enjoy some healthy, colorful meals. Rediscover the joys of your slow-cooker and leave delicious stews, casseroles and nourishing soups cooking all day.

– Spend an afternoon going through your old photographs, vinyl records and clearing out your clutter. You may even earn yourself a little money by doing so. Physical, mental or emotional clutter can bog us down and interrupt our flow. Be decisive and use the time well.

– Review your aspirations for the coming year . Have they already started to flag? Write them at the front of your diary or notebook and keep your intentions regularly in mind.

– Intermittent rewards and trips are a good way to encourage you out of hibernation mode. Monitor your oncoming goals and give yourself credit for each month's achievements. Celebrate each stepping-stone rather than focus solely on the ultimate goal.

– Be gentle with yourself if your resolutions slip or you do not achieve the same as others. Start again and get back in the zone. Book another driving lesson or training session. Be motivated by others but do not compare yourself and your achievements to their heads. Everyone has very different stories and situations.

Appreciate each season's charms and enjoy opportunities to invest in yourself and your quality of life.

When you want to add autographed collectibles to your sports collection, you can send a request by mail to a sports star of your choice. It’s a relatively inexpensive way to add an autographed souvenir to your collection.

You can send items that you want to have signed, such as sports cards, a vintage newspaper or magazine, or a photograph. It shouldn’t take you more than a couple hours to create your written request, and to mail your parcel.

To receive an autographed item, you will also need to enclose an SASE (self-addressed stamped envelope) so that the signed item can be returned to you in more efficient time. Plus, the sports star shouldn’t be responsible for paying the return postage. In advance of mailing your items, you will want to decide what you want signed.

Sports cards are inexpensive items to buy and to mail. You only need a first class stamp to mail a sports card or index card in a letter. Newspapers or magazine covers will require a larger envelope, such as a nine-by-twelve-inch size. Be sure to also include a piece of heavy card stock so your sports card or photograph will not get bent when it is returned to you through the mail.

It is advisable not to send balls, bats, or jerseys through the mail to get an autograph. You’re better off getting those types of items signed in person when you attend the next convention where the sports star is signing autographs.

Next, you’ll need to find the star’s address which is usually located at the team’s headquarters. You should be able to find out this information by doing a search on the Internet. Several web sites list the addresses of the various teams and their players.

It is very helpful if you know the star’s career achievements and can refer to them in your correspondence. It also helps when you say that you’re a fan and that it would mean so much for you to have an autograph on the item you’ve mailed along with your letter. Send your autograph requests to sportsmen you admire so that your true fan admiration will come out in the letter.

As mentioned earlier, sports stars will not pay to send your item back to you so you must include a SASE with your letter and item in the envelope you mail to them. After preparing the envelope, mail it and do not become anxious about wondering when you’ll receive your envelope or package.

Some requests will be in your mail box in a week or two, but other stars might take up to a month to return the autograph or item to you. It’s also known among collectors that sometimes a sports star has taken up to a year before returning an autograph, so just be patient. Then one day when you least expect it, you’ll be excited when you receive the autograph in the mail.

Most of us have at least a few teenagers in our family or circle of friends who we care about and may periodically buy presents for. In fact, between holidays, birthdays, graduations, and other special events, we may need to get presents for teenagers fairly frequently. Unfortunately, teens can be difficult to shop for. We don’t share the same taste in clothing, we may not be familiar with their favorite style of music, and many of the items teens want the most, such as cell phones with added features or complex media systems, are too expensive. There are some presents that are always appreciated by teens, however, if you know what to look for.

Gifting An Experience

Teens are always looking for a new and exciting way to spend their time. If you don’t want to buy a sweater that’s likely to be returned, or something practical but boring, consider providing an experience. For something truly unforgettable, check out websites that offer unique adventures such as a ride in a hot air balloon or a white water rafting trip. They’ll look forward to not only going on their adventure, but telling their friends about it afterward.

The cost of adventure trips through a company specializing in these kinds of activities can be expensive, but they are well worth it because they’re well organized with experienced group leaders. If you want something a bit less adventurous but still of interest to your teen, look around your area. Culinary schools often offer weekend classes for teens who love to cook. If the teen is a sports fan, contact the office of your city’s professional teams and ask if they offer any type of special celebration.

Or you could give them concert tickets or tickets to a theater show. You may even want to include yourself in the ‘experience’. Teens will enjoy having some special time to spend with you, and you can take pictures to give them at the end of the day.

Gift Cards Fit Their Lifestyle

Teens love gift cards, because they give them freedom of choice. They’ll enjoy the act of choosing an item they want and will remember you each time they wear the outfit they chose or listen to their new stereo. The key to successfully giving gift cards to teenagers is to know what they are most interested in and buy gift cards online that will fit those interests. You can now purchase gift cards online for just about any kind of store imaginable.

Gift cards for sporting good stores, electronics suppliers, bookstores, and shoe outlets are all popular options for teens. You favorite niece who loves shoes will appreciate getting a voucher that lets her splurge on a great new pair of leather boots. Your athletic grandson will be thrilled with a card that lets him buy some football or baseball gear. Think about the teen’s interests and buy gift cards online that he or she can redeem for the perfect present. Buying gift cards online will also save you from a long, protracted trip to the mall where you may be overwhelmed by the choices. You can even have the gift card you choose mailed directly to them with your good wishes if you like.

Electronic Media

Teens always seem to be short of money. They can only work part time and usually earn minimum wage, but their taste in clothing, accessories, electronics, and everything else leans toward the expensive end of the spectrum. It’s true that most teens have ‘champagne taste on a beer budget.’ If you’re feeling generous, you could surprise the teen in your life with the gift of a Kindle, a new video game system, or something else they could not afford on their own.

If you want to help them with a special purchase such as a new stereo system or DVD player, consider giving them a card to an electronics store or some other specialty store. You may not be able to give your teen a voucher in the full amount needed, but if you coordinate with friends and family, the value of each gift card will add up quickly. Your teen can use several gift cards together to make a substantial purchase instead of waiting for months to save up enough cash. The key is to communicate clearly and make sure everyone gets gift cards from the same place.

Whether you’re giving your teen a video game, tickets for a concert, or a gift card, if you’ve put some thought into it, the teen in your life will be thrilled with his or her present.