Tag Archive : camisetas adidas futbol

So much to do and so little time – no that is not your inner monologue talking, that is the problem that I am here to fix. Every so often I try to plan a gathering with friends or family only to be told that they can’t this weekend because: We have a christening, a 6th birthday, my in-laws wedding anniversary, a bar mitzvah, or a soccer game. Does this sound like you? If it does, please allow me to introduce you to the fabulous idea of giving personalized books as gifts. A personalized book as a gift? Ahhh, yes my wise friend. You can have personalized children’s books and personalized keepsake books created to give to someone special as a gift.

The personalized children’s books are created based on the information that you provide and the photos you supply. A one-of-a-kind book is created that is all about the child and includes a full story about the child’s life. The company then adds amazing embellishments to the book to get your child to use his or her senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and sometimes taste to be fully engaged in the story. The personalized keepsake books are great for children or adults and generally are created to capture an event, such as a birth, wedding, or an anniversary; or to capture a theme such as newlyweds, grandparents, pet-lovers, etc. When you give personalized books as gifts to those that you love – you tell them how truly special they are to you.

Is there any other reason why you should give personalized books as gifts? Of course there is another reason-how about you being the best and most unique gift giver at the celebration? I want you to close your eyes and imagine going to the next party that you are invited to-now it is time to open the gifts…all those brightly colored packages, roughly equal in size-they all have similar gifts inside. The recipient forces a smile and thanks the giver graciously. Then all of a sudden your gift is unwrapped-there is a gasp and some glances of envy. You gave the most perfect and unique gift because it is all about the special person who you are giving it to-go ahead, pat yourself on the back, you savvy shopper you. Now everyone wants to know where they can buy personalized books as gifts, so you smile sweetly and casually tell them.

Sports team uniforms do not only vary in their colors and logos, but also with regard to the fabric used in the making, the cut, and the specific functionalities that they are designed to serve. The following kinds of team uniforms are seen most frequently:

* Baseball Uniforms: There is a whole range of fabrics that baseball team uniforms may be made from-mesh, poly, polyester, spandex, speed-dry, warp knit, or double knit. The choice of the fabric of course, depends on the functionality that the team demands-moisture management or durability. For instance, if sturdiness be the demand, then a piece of clothing where mesh insets have been woven together with durable pieces of fabric will be chosen. If comfort be the reigning consideration, then a fabric blended with spandex will be the ideal choice.

* Basketball Uniforms: The most important consideration when designing basketball sports clothing is to come up with a design that regulates the body temperature levels. Thus fabrics with moisture-management properties are the choices of coaches and players. Basketball sports clothing for ladies usually sport the conventional racerback cut and the shorts are between 6 and 9 inches inseam. Those for the men have inseam lengths that range between 9 and 11 inches.

* Soccer Uniforms: Customized soccer clothing for players may come in a full array of color coordinated warm-up gear, shirts, shorts, socks, and even foot padding. The socks may be made of a variety of fabrics like nylon, polypropylene, acrylic, or lycra. Warm-up team uniforms may consist of open-bottom sweatpants and a hooded jacket or windbreaker. A team may also choose to order Under Armour Cold Gear for players to be comfortable in cooler temperatures.

* Swimming Uniforms: Team uniforms for swimmers may be made of a variety of fabrics like lycra, polyester, or spandex. These fabrics serve a wide range of purposes-colors stay longer on polyester materials while lycra and spandex have amazing stretching properties.

* Wrestling Uniforms: Clothing for this kind of a sport need to be sturdy enough to take a beating. Wrestling uniforms may be singlets or two-pieces. The latter may sport short-sleeved body-hugging tops and fitted shorts. Singlets may be jam-length or be more low-cut. Gripper-leg singlets are also popular amongst sportsmen.

There are also many other kinds of sports clothing like for those meant for football, lacrosse, softball, and volleyball players. So do you need to design team uniforms? Delco coaches and sports team managers may seek the services of expert and experienced designers at Ampro Sports.

World Cup Slime Soccer is like actual soccer in general, the difference is slime soccer is two dimensional, with 1 (semi-circular) player on every team, tiny nets, a wall on each side and a quite smaller field. You have an option to play with two players for a minute, two minutes or eight minutes. Plus you can have a chance to play another by pressing “World Cup”. If you see a line under each net, do not go on the one under your net for too long because if you do, you will be “pinged” and your opponent will earn the point.

During the qualifying round, the game will be played against either with Argentina, Belgium, Australia, Iceland, China, Costa Rica, Denmark, Cameroon or Denmark. It will be a 30 seconds game and not that hard to beat, especially if you know some soccer ball tricks and how to beat it. Primarily, do not go and grab the ball easily, instead, let your opponent to bring it to you. Have the patience to wait for it. One bet soccer tip is at a right time, with appropriate jump, it will go into the net. If it’s in the air, no better trick awaits your opponent.

In the quarter finals, the game will be played against Denmark, Ecuador, Mexico, France, USA, Italy, Japan or Russia. It is a two minutes game with extra time if deemed to be necessary.

For the Semis, it will be against either with Russia, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Slovenia, Spain, South Africa or South Korea. Same with 2 minute game with extra time if necessary but this time more defensive and smarter.

In the finals, the game is against either with South Korea, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay, Brazil, and England, Germany or funny thing called the Night Elves. It is a 5 minute game.

When players suit up for a season a few things go on in their heads. They may wonder who their coach is going to be, if they will like their teammates, and what position they are going to play.

Few players worry about there equipment (as from their ball), but the equipment is very important. Equipment:

  • Protects players from injury.
  • Allows players to play their best.
  • Is required to play in recreational leagues.
  • Stops annoyances from occurring (for example, gloves protect from the cold).

Soccer Equipment List

Shin-guards:

Protects players shins and ankles from the kicks that they will receive. It is recommended that you buy shin-guards with an ankle guard. Make sure that they shin-guards that you purchase are an adequate length; some shin-guards are too small.

Soccer ball:

Most players get excited about purchasing a ball, so you do not need to worry about this one. Make sure you check with your league before purchasing so you buy the right size.

Soccer Uniform:

Your uniform will be provided when you sign-up for a league.

Cleats:

Cleats provide the stability needed to play soccer efficiently. Although buying cleats seems like a nominal task, it should not be taken lightly. Every player favors a different type of cleat, and sizes vary widely. When buying cleats, utilize a specialists help so you can get the proper boot.

Leather looks to be the best type, though it is not as flashy as other material. Do not worry about the look of a cleat (although many professional players wear flashy ones) because it really depends on the player.

Soccer cleats just like regular shoes are sized to help players find snug fitting shoes that will make kicking the ball ad running as comfortable as possible. Considering that soccer cleats need to be tighter in terms of fit, you really cannot rely on your regular shoe size when buying your cleats. Soccer shoes are made from thin materials and a tight fit ensures optimal ball touch and feel.

Materials

When looking for the right snug fitting soccer boot, the material is among the things you should always consider. Cleats made from premium leather, especially kangaroo leather tends to start stretching after a few uses. High quality leather molds to feet shape and when new they need to fit snugly so that even after a few uses they do not stretch and feel too roomy for your feet. When buying synthetics, remember they do not stretch that much, hence you should buy comfortably fitting cleats compared to tight ones.

Width and length

These two elements are used to determine cleat size and using them you can be in a position to choose a pair you will love and enjoy wearing and playing in. For performance and comfort, your cleats should fit closely to end of foot, but not touch on toes; the gap should be anywhere between ¼ and ½ inch. Usually the upper part of the soccer shoe is designed narrow to keep the feet from sliding around inside as you play. For this reason, most cleats come in one width dimensions differing only in length. If you have wide feet, then you may want to check cleats designed with wide feet in mind.

Determining the right fit

When looking for the best, start by picking a pair that you actually like and from a brand you can trust with quality. Players who love their shoes tend to give better performances than those who don’t.

Next, you should figure out your size. If you have the luxury of trying them on before buying, try them on to ensure they are tight, but not so much that they hurt your feet. They should be close fitting otherwise you will have issues kicking ball properly.

When trying on the cleats, pay attention to pressure points; a snug fit does not in any way mean uncomfortable. In case you are a young player who is still growing, cleats that are a little large sized may be ideal. You can get proper socks to fill in the space as your feet grow.

Be sure to stand up and walk around a little in the cleats when testing the size. This is the only way you will be able to truly feel the toe position and how good they feel on your feet. Of course you may need a little time to break-in your cleats but even though the feel should be tight, it should feel right in every sense. You can try on as many different sizes as possible until you find the perfect one for your feet.

Are you wondering which shoes to wear for your next soccer match? Confused and not clear about how to choose and where to buy? And many such questions. Here we are providing few tips and tricks on buying your soccer cleats. Soccer cleats are nothing but the shoes or footwear that enhances the sporting experience of a soccer player. Soccer cleats are specially designed and manufactured to suit the requirements of soccer players. They can also be worn for various other occasions if you buy such upgraded ones. The cleats of many major brands are coming with such options which allow the wearer to use the same shoes for different purposes.

The most famous soccer cleats are manufactured by the footwear industry tycoon company Nike and they have released many variants under soccer cleats that make the wearer’s play smooth and exciting. Many other companies followed the suit later. However, the soccer cleats by any company are made to enhance the comfort and flexibility of the wearer. Perhaps, the material that is used in manufacturing these cleats is very flexible and it allows the wearer to move his feet comfortably while playing the game.

The soccer cleats with studs are an addition which gives additional grip to the wearer which indirectly means extra protection while playing on a smoother surface or an indoor match. These studs also enhance your protection and enable you to take turns easily while playing match outdoors. You can use the cleats with studs for other purposes as well as the studs inscribed at the bottom are removable in nature. Apart from being comfortable, the cleats with studs are manufactured to enhance the safety and security of the wearer by fitting well to the wearer’s feet and by providing good grip on slippery grounds.

You can get these from a nearby showroom. However, buying from such showroom limits your options as you don’t get to compare different cleats at a time. Perhaps, you cannot even compare the price and quality if you buy from such stores. You can widen your options if you buy from online stores where you can compare the soccer cleats by different brands with different prices and in different quality. In fact, buying online would give you a lot of discounts and rebates as the companies run offer sales every now and then. Buying in such offers would give you a great off on your cleats.

How would you like to hunt huge crocodiles with the descendants of cannibals and head hunters? Donald MacIntyre, the journalist, had the nerve to do just that.

He has travelled to some of the world’s toughest environments to research how people manage to survive with few resources. He presented his findings in a recent TV series called ‘Edge of Existence’.

In the first episode of ‘Edge of Existence’, he went to Papua New Guinea to live with the Insect tribe of Swagap who, in living memory, were a warrior tribe of head hunters and cannibals.

The Insect tribe are named after the praying mantis which they worship and their lives centre around a river full of crocodiles – the Sepik.

Donal commented on his arrival at Swagap:

“Deep in the jungle of Papua New Guinea and I’m a long, long way from home. I’m about to come face to face with the Insect tribe. Not so long ago this tribe were cannibals and head hunters and still, today, violent disputes flare up in this part of the rain forest.

“I have come to launch myself into a completely alien world on the very edge of existence. I must prove myself by hunting crocodiles and pigs with nothing but a spear to defend myself. This is a truly hostile environment. This may be an adventure too far!”

Donal showed how he truly felt when he was filmed at night in a dug out canoe while out hunting crocodiles:

“Get me the hell out of here! Guys!”

However, he did not feel this way all the time. He had discovered a people that he could respect and whose company he obviously enjoyed.

“I have travelled thousands of miles to get to Papua New Guinea and hundreds of miles on waterways to get to the Insect tribe of the Sepik river.”

“The preconception is of cannibals, of warriors and of a stone age civilization but the reality is right here. You can hear it. It’s right ahead.”

Donal was referring to the tremendous welcome in song he received as the tribe prayed for the guardian spirits to protect him during his visit. The tribe have learned that prayer, at the very least, makes you feel safer and better about what you are doing!

There are 223 members of the insect tribe. They live on what they catch from the river, hunt from the jungle or dig out from the sago palm trees. They live on the edge of existence and were unknown to the outside world until the 1950’s.

The only means of transport are the canoes. If you can’t manage one of these you are going nowhere. Donal had already had an accident with his canoe and realised he needed to practise more and ‘try harder’.

The Insect tribe are part of the commonwealth but they jealously guard their own ancestral beliefs and customs such as polygamy.

Donal stayed with a man who had two wives and three children. One man in that region had 12 wives and 115 children.

The Insect tribe maintain their warrior spirit in the present by spearing boars and savage salt sea crocodiles. Donal took part in both activities. Spearing boars and crocodiles was routine for the tribesmen but terrifying for Donal.

A wild boar is 400 pounds of pure muscle that charges through the forest and impales any victim that gets in its way. Several hunters had been killed and injured.

Before the hunt began the ancestral spirits were called upon to banish evil spirits of the forest that might bring bad luck. A modern equivalent might be to exclude the negative thoughts and comments which can ruin any project. The hunters now believed a good spirit was with them. They expected success.

The chief placed Donal with the elders on a bamboo platform well off the ground. They would wait there until the younger men drove some boars towards them.

Donal sat with James, an elder, who would be his hunting mentor. He asked James if he believed in the magic ceremonies. James replied:

“I believe, I believe. If there are one or two pigs out there, we will kill it today. I believe.”

“The magic is powerful?”

“I believe the magic is. It will work.”

James told Donal to throw his spear first. He assured Donal that he would miss and then he would throw next and hit since he ‘knew how to kill a pig’.

Donal and James, the descendant of head hunters, were like naughty school boys chatting and joking when they should have been focusing. The chief signalled his disapproval.

The hunters passed the time by chewing betel nut with a root of ginger dipped in powdered seashells. It is a mild stimulant which turns your teeth red.

As the drums grew louder, it was obvious that things would happen. Something was coming fast – it was a boar streaking towards and past them.

Donal and James threw their spears but both missed. The other elders also threw their spears. They also missed. Donal commented:

“That was a pig!”

However, the younger men had managed to kill a large sow while they were beating the wild pigs towards the elders. The tribesmen did not forget to sing their thanks to the spirits for a successful hunt.

“As with many indigenous peoples, the men and women of the Insect tribe have strictly defined roles. The women do all the chores. It is their job to fish and make sago from the pith of a sago palm tree. Sago is the staple of the tribe’s diet.

“The men expect me to spend time exclusively with them. They become suspicious when I ask to spend some time with the women of the tribe. “

However, Donal and Philip, the translator, headed upstream with the women and children to a spot where they could find clay in the river bed. Philip and Donal had to stand in their canoes in the dominant role. The women must sit in the submissive role.

This is clearly a cultural status thing. I once canoed down the Ardeche river in south central France on a school trip. It seemed as if I spent as much time capsized in the water as in the canoe.

My companion in the canoe was a woman school teacher. When she took the leading role at the front of the canoe we soon capsized but the same thing happened when I took the lead. I think it was more about skill and balance than about whether you were male or female. In any event we really enjoyed the trip, including the capsizing, and had a great laugh.

But we would not have been laughing if we had been in a dugout on the Sepik river. Falling into water where there might be crocodiles or borecutters – the Sepik’s equivalent of pirhanha – was not a laughing matter.

In the event, Donal jumped into the river and collected some evil smelling clay. He soon found out that he was doing the job on his own! He joked and laughed with the children and the women.

But when he tried to question the women, they were reluctant to answer his questions. There was a tribal taboo which did not allow women to talk to men outside their own families.

If a woman breaks the taboo, the penalty is death which is usually caused by some kind of accident inspired by the spirits at the request of the elders.

One woman, at least, was bold enough to tell Donal that his efforts at pottery were useless! She handed them over to the kids to put right. Despite the shared laughs, Donal found the world of the women in this male dominated society to be impenetrable.

The day came that Donal had been dreading – crocodile hunting in a dugout canoe.

They were hunting saltwater crocodiles that are valuable for their skin which fetches high prices in the fashion trade. They can grow up to 23 feet long and have been known to snatch people from the riverbank:

“We are hunting a creature so fearsome that they can rip you to shreds in seconds. Make no mistake this is terrifying.”

The hunters were making noises that imitated the sounds of juvenile and adult crocodiles to bring them closer to the dugout. Donal was appalled:

“To me this is absolute madness but Alphonse, the leader, takes it in his stride To him, it is like another day in the office.”

He asked Alphonse:

“Do you eat the meat?”

“Yeah, we eat the meat. This meat is good.”

“What does it taste like?”

“It tastes like chicken. It makes you strong”

“But a chicken won’t bite your head off.”

Donal reflected that the whole experience of standing up in a dug out canoe surrounded by crocodiles was simply not a wise thing to do.

“For them it is like a 9-5 job. For me it is the stuff nightmares are made of. I just want to go home quickly!”

The crocodile is vital for the insect tribe’s survival. They can sell parts of the crocodile for high prices and the meat is very tasty. Crocodiles are the only source of hard cash.

However, there is a looming threat that could destroy their way of life. Five hours boat ride upriver there are plans to build a gold mine. The villagers fear it will contaminate the waters of their beloved Sepik river. They have good reason to worry.

Alphonse expressed their fears:

“We don’t believe in new technology. This is man made thing. It can’t work.”

The head of the spirit house said that the power of the spirits could not control the mining company. The spirit house is the focal point for the men in the village. It is full of beautiful wooden carvings.

Donal asked if could enter the spirit house but was refused entry. In the past a missionary removed and burnt their effigies in an attempt to convert the tribe to Christianity.

For now, the tribe have managed to hold on to their time honoured warrior traditions like archery for hunting and war.

The men practised their archery. Donal’s arrow broke before it left his bow to the amusement of the others. He had to ask:

“May I borrow another arrow?”

Donal commented:

“You can’t help but think that, only decades ago, headhunting and warfare went on with these weapons – spears and arrows. In their psyche there seems to be a sense of preparedness for war. Can you imagine being in the middle of the jungle facing the prospect of war with these weapons – spears and arrows?”

The head of the spirit house remembered the stories of war and head hunting told him by his father as a boy:

“The warfare used to take place on the lake. They used arrows and spears. My father was a great warrior He used to fight fiercely. He killed several men from other tribes.”

Donal was now brought back to today’s reality which was frightening enough:

“It may not be war but it is certainly dangerous. Crocodile hunting is on the agenda again – this time in the pitch dark. We gather in a secret huddle for another magic ceremony calling on the spirits to protect us during the hunt. It is going to be a very long night.

“It is so dark in these crocodile infested swamps that we need night vision cameras to see what is going on. At night the crocodiles are more active than in the heat of the day…

“The crocs are very close. It is a terrifying prospect. The hunters are the best in the world but crocodiles are very unpredictable.

“I can’t believe what I am seeing. One of the men is standing in the water just a few feet away from a huge crocodile. It’s totally insane He tried to spear the crocodile but just failed to make a hit.”

Later, Alphonse picked up a baby crocodile and then dropped it back in the water. They eventually captured a four foot crocodile which they kept in the dugout after tying up its jaws. Donal was still highly nervous:

“Every time we career headlong towards the river bank after a crocodile I break out into a cold sweat. If this canoe capsizes we become the hunted.”

It seemed for a moment as if this had happened as the world appeared to turn upside down as the cameraman lost his balance or control of the camera or both!

They had just missed killing a huge crocodile about twelve feet long worth a six months’ salary to a Swagap villager – the croc was harpooned but escaped with the harpoon.

“Well, tonight the big one got away but the hunter’s are happy with their catch. For me, I’m just glad that the ordeal of croc hunting is finally over. I’m just counting all my limbs and they are all here.

“The beast is there. He’s huge and thrashing about and we are six inches from the water and we’re less than a metre away from him. These guys are made of stern stuff but I just want to go home quickly.”

That evening Donal was invited to join the tribe for a crocodile feast:

“When I first came to live with the Insect tribe, I imagined a fierce warrior race.

They are certainly fearless hunters but they are also a generous and resilient people living entirely from their natural surroundings. What impressed me most was their real sense of community.”

When one man’s house was burned down, the entire village turned out to the very next day to rebuild the house from top to bottom.

Donal commented: “That’s the measure of this place.”

But things are changing. The tribe wear shorts and t-shirts and have developed a taste for alcohol. A college student recently brought home the recipe for an alcoholic drink called ‘Steam’. The tribesman followed the recipe and created ‘Steam’.

The tribesmen were intensely interested in Donal’s world in Britain and their shared head of state the queen. Later, a visit was arranged to Britain for some of the Swagap people.

While the hunters celebrated, the head of the spirit house now invited Donal inside and explained that he had learned to respect Donal enough to allow him in.

Days later, western music was playing at Donal’s leaving party Donald drank some ‘Steam’:

“That is absolutely awful!”

Survival and success tips can be learned from both Donal and the Insect tribe:

Prayer, at the very least, makes you feel better about what you are doing! Your belief and expectation could make a miracle more likely.

Banish any evil or negative thoughts that might sabotage your results and start believing in the laws which could bring you good results. Expect success.

Don’t forget to give thanks for everything you receive. Gratitude attracts more to be grateful for.

Appreciate and make the most of the power of team work and the community

We all need to practise more and do better at our canoeing, archery, spearing or whatever. Darcey Bussell, Britain’s most famous living ballerina, has just retired. She started training late at the age of thirteen and was laughed at by the other students. She soon silenced the laughter by spending extra time practising until lights out.

Stay curious and apply what you learn. Your ‘Steam’ may be awful at first but it can improve.

Don’t judge by appearances and past history. The former cannibals turned out to be a brave, kind and intelligent people.

Keep your traditions alive or replace them with ones which are less lethal. The national sport of Papua New Guinea is considered to be rugby league. It has been seen as a replacement for tribal warfare!

Introduction

Physical activity is an essential part of being healthy. In children, activity helps build strong bones and muscles, decreases the likelihood of developing obesity, and promotes positive mental health. Children are recommended to have 60 minutes or more of physical activity daily.

In the United States, more than 30 million children and teens participate in sports. Of that number, approximately 3.5 million children and adolescents ages fourteen and under are hurt annually while participating in recreational activities. In 2002, The National Safe Kids Campaign estimated that 13,700 children were treated in hospital emergency rooms for ice skating related injuries. Many of these are preventable head injuries if protective equipment, such as helmets or halos, is used.

Gliding across the ice, with the cool wind whipping across a skater’s face is an exhilarating feeling. One push can propel a skater far down the glistening, snowy surface. Worrying about a head injury is often far from a skater’s mind, as many participants are not aware of the possibility of head injury from ice skating. The goals of this article are to raise awareness about potential head injury from ice skating and to promote the use of helmets in skating, similar to what is required in cycling, skiing, and ice hockey.

Review of Injury Statistics

A concussion is a mild form of head injury, usually due to a blow to the head, which may cause disorientation, memory loss, or unconsciousness. Repeated concussions and loss of consciousness can result in traumatic brain injury or TBI.

An estimated 10% of all head and spinal cord injuries are due to sports related activities. Socially, athletes can feel undue pressure from family, coaches, and teammates to return to play quickly after a head injury. These influences can prevent an athlete from receiving the medical care he or she requires. In particular, parents and coaches can push their children too hard in an attempt to fulfill their own athletic aspirations. Athletes who return to play too soon or who suffer repeated injury to the head can develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, whose symptoms can include slowed speech, confusion, tremors, and mental deterioration. Most recently, CTE gained media attention when a settlement was reached with the National Football League, or NFL and thousands of players and families. The case, which involved more than 4,500 plaintiffs, calls for the NFL to pay for medical exams, compensation, and research related to head injuries sustained while playing professional football. Plaintiffs are committed to making the game safer at all levels and to educate the public; including parents of the four million children who play youth and high school football. Plaintiffs are committed to helping the focus on player safety trickle down to the youth level.

Awareness and education are key factors in injury prevention and return to play decisions. When an athlete suffers a head injury, a sideline assessment using the Standardized Assessment of Concussion should be completed by a medical professional. If a physician is not available, the coach can complete a basic assessment, until medical attention is available. The assessment includes tests of eye response, verbal response, and motor response. Telling a child to “shake it off” could have a grave impact on the child’s long term health.

Research concluded that safety measures in organized sports should include helmet requirements. There are approximately 230,000 cases of hospitalization due to traumatic brain injury annually of which 80,000 suffer long term disability and 50,000 result in fatalities. Five to twenty percent of these injuries are incurred during sports and recreational activities. Organized team sports, in particular football, soccer and ice hockey, have high instances of concussion annually in addition to recreational sports such as skating and bicycling. Helmets that are properly fitted and worn by participants of these activities can help reduce the risk of head injury among participants.

Sports and Helmet Rules

Cycling

In March 2003, professional cyclist Andrey Kivilev collided with two other riders during the Paris Nice ride. Kivilev was not wearing a helmet and catapulted head first off his bicycle. He fell immediately into a coma and was diagnosed with a serious skull fracture. Kivilev underwent surgery, but died shortly thereafter due to the severity of the head injury. He was 29 years old and the leader of the Cofidis cycling team. His death triggered the International Cycling Union, or UCI to implement compulsory wearing of helmets in all endorsed races.

Helmets protect the head by reducing the rate at which the skull and the brain are accelerated and decelerated during an impact effectively acting as a shock absorber between the force of the impact and the brain. Upon impact, the polystyrene liner of the helmet crushes thereby dissipating energy over a wider area. Instituting mandatory helmet policies in sports proves to be a divisive and controversial issue. Although research has demonstrated that helmets reduce injury in low speed crashes, helmet evidence is not conclusive with respect to high speed crashes. Kivilev’s accident occurred at approximately 35 kilometers per hour or about 22 miles per hour which is considered relatively low speed. At the time, he was ranked among the top 100 racers in the world.

Due to his high profile in the global cycling community, Kivilev’s death elevated the helmet debate into the media spotlight. Following this seminal UCI rule change, USA Cycling also revised their helmet policy to provide that in order to host an event sanctioned by USA Cycling, all participants are required to wear helmets.

In recreational cycling in the United States, bicycle helmet laws can vary widely. Currently, only twenty one states and the District of Columbia have instituted helmet laws for bicyclists below a certain age, which is generally 16 years-old. California requires helmets for riders 18 years and younger and only the Virgin Islands requires helmets for all riders. Twenty nine states have no bicycle helmet laws currently in place.

Researchers conducted a study which demonstrates helmet usage. This study directly observed 841 children in Texas who participated in bicycle riding, in line skating, skateboarding, and scooter riding over an eight week period. Whereas helmet rules vary county to county within Texas, most counties require helmets for riders age 16 years-old and younger. This study employed a randomly selected sample of children engaging in such activities from communities with populations equal to or greater than 1000. Children under 6 years-old, females and those riding on specified bike paths were found to wear helmets more frequently than other children.

Several factors often contribute to children not wearing helmets. During warmer months, children complain about high temperatures and accordingly are less inclined or willing to wear their helmets as riders feel they do not have proper ventilation inside the helmet. Parental knowledge and awareness is another contributing factor. Parents are often unfamiliar with applicable helmet laws nor are they informed of the potential risks of injury resulting from the failure to wear proper safety equipment. In a study examining data from1990 2005, there were in excess of 6,000,000 cases of children age 18 years-old and younger treated in emergency rooms for bicycle related injuries.

Skiing

In March 2009, actress Natasha Richardson sustained a head injury while taking a routine, beginner ski lesson. Initially she refused medical attention, however seven hours later, she was admitted to the hospital suffering from an epidural hematoma, a type of traumatic brain injury. She succumbed to her injuries and died the following day. Michael Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy, died in 1997 following a skiing accident in Aspen, Colorado. A week later, Sonny Bono, television star and politician, died on the slopes of South Lake Tahoe. Richardson, Kennedy, and Bono were not wearing helmets.

Researchers studied injury rates at the three largest ski areas in Scotland during three winter seasons. The study found that first day participants are at an increased risk of injury due in part to low skill levels amongst the beginners. They concluded that first day participants should be targeted in educational programs about gear selection and protective equipment.

A study of skiers and snowboarders was conducted in Colorado where approximately 10 fatalities occur annually. Among the fatally injured, head injury proved the cause of death in 87.5% of the cases and none were wearing helmets. Of the 400 skiers and snowboarders admitted to the hospital with traumatic brain injuries, only five were wearing helmets. In the most serious case, the patient ascended off a 40 foot cliff, landed on his head, cracking his helmet in half. Whereas he sustained a severe concussion with unconsciousness, the computed topography, or CT scan proved negative and with inpatient rehabilitation, the patient has made a full recovery and is attending college.

In 2011, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie signed a bill into law requiring all skiers and snowboarders under 18 years to wear helmets with the intent to reduce head injuries on the slopes. California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed a similar bill in 2010 however the measure was nullified following his veto of a companion bill that would have required California ski resorts to submit safety plans and reports to state officials. At the professional levels, the governing body of skiing, the Federation Internationale de Ski, requires a helmet as mandatory equipment for all downhill and Super G events.

Ice Hockey

In 1968, Bill Masterson of the Minnesota North Stars landed headfirst on the ice after being checked by two players from the Oakland Seals. He was not wearing a helmet and as a direct result died due to the severity of his head injury. Prior to this incident, the helmets use had been stigmatized which contributed to a lack of widespread use. However, as a consequence of this incident, the stigma surrounding the use of helmets began to diminish and ultimately in 1979, the National Hockey League, or NHL instituted a mandatory helmet policy. The policy did not apply uniformly at the outset as certain veteran players were grandfathered out of the new requirement. Such players elected to continue playing without helmets alongside new players who were subject the policy. Initially, the NHL and the players themselves faced harsh criticism from fans and the media. Despite the clear evidence of risks associated without helmets, some believed the policy harmed the integrity of the game and diminished the players’ masculinity.

Since the policy was first instituted more than three decades ago, significant research supporting the value and need for helmets has been documented. The hockey community has become supportive of the rule change particularly as a significant number of current hockey enthusiasts have never experienced the sport in which helmets were not employed and required. As with many elements of professional sports, the helmet policy was then instituted within youth hockey. The youth hockey governing board, USA Hockey, not only requires all players to wear helmets, they have mandated that all helmets employed by the players must be approved by the Hockey Equipment Certification Council, or HECC. Additionally, beginning in 2006, USA Hockey extended the helmet requirement to coaches who must wear helmets during on ice practice. The requirement for coaches provides the dual benefit of increased safety for all on ice participants as well as an opportunity for the authority figure to model appropriate safety practices. This continues to reinforce the value and importance of the use of safety equipment and in turn minimizes any residual stigma associated with wearing helmets on the ice.

In order to meet the requirements of the HECC, all helmets must undergo rigorous testing procedures including, without limitation, verifying the sufficiency of the coverage area, the quality of the protective material, and the degree of shock absorption. Aside from the specifications, the age, amount of use and type of each helmet all serve to impact the helmet’s effectiveness. The use of helmets with facial protection has proven effective in order to significantly decrease player injury at the amateur level. Whereas ice hockey is by nature a contact sport and checking is a significant cause of injury, the potential for injury is heightened further due to speed and surface tension. A study was conducted a study of 192 high schools in which 7,257 sports related injuries from 20 different sports were reported. From this total sample, 1,056, or 14.6% of injuries were concussions, 24% of which were sustained during boys’ ice hockey.

Ice Skating

In 1999, United Skates Pairs figure skaters, J. Paul Binnebose and Laura Handy were on track to make the 2002 Olympic team. While training at the University of Delaware, with Coach Ron Luddington, Binnebose fell on the ice, fracturing his skull. He suffered seizures, his heart stopped twice, and he was in a coma. Doctors removed a piece of his skull, allowing his brain to swell without pressure and heal. He was given a 10% chance of survival. Against the odds, he recovered.

Although the media widely publicizes celebrity sports related accidents, J. Paul Binnebose was not a well known star around the world. His story did not receive international media attention, but it is well known within the figure skating world. He and his coach have been working toward a helmet rule in skating for over a decade. They contend that many of the skating related injuries could be prevented or minimized with the use of a helmet.

Research suggests this notion is correct. An examination of pediatric skating related injuries was conducted in the years 1993-2003. The researchers sampled 1,235,467 children from emergency rooms with skating related injuries. Non random, purposeful sampling was used in this study. The data was collected from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, or NEISS, and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, known as CPSC.

The NEISS system has consumer product codes for each type of activity. Injuries were identified as ice skating, roller skating, or in line skating related, and coded accordingly. Ice hockey, roller hockey, and skateboarding were excluded from the study. Variables included the child’s gender and age, site of the injury, type of skating activity, mechanism of injury, use of protective equipment, and the injury diagnosis. Further, the injuries were categorized into 5 regions of the body.

The Centers for Disease Control report during the years 2001-2005, more than 200,000 emergency room visits for concussions and other traumatic brain injuries were recorded annually in the United States. Of those, 65% were found to be children ages 5 18 years-old who were participating in a sport or recreational activity. Children are at a greater risk for traumatic brain injuries with increased severity and a prolonged recovery. Thirty categories of sports and recreation head injuries were examined. Most of the sports demonstrated 2 7% annual emergency room visits for concussions and traumatic brain injuries. However, horseback riding, all terrain vehicle riding, and ice skating reported the highest instances of emergency room visits for traumatic brain injuries, with ice skating at 11.4%. Horseback riding and all terrain vehicle riding are activities where a secondary force carries the participant at a potentially high rate of speed; ice skating is a self propelled activity.

Researchers studied 419 children with injuries from ice skating, skateboarding, roller skating, and in line skating with the focus on head injury. Most injuries were to the face; 23 of 60 cases, 38.3%; and 12 additional injuries were to the head; 20%. Adult supervision was reported in 98.2% of the cases, and 78% reported no protective equipment use. The proportion of head injuries among ice skaters was greater than the participants in other types of skating, for which helmet use is recommended or required. Currently, there are no formal guidelines regarding the use of protective equipment in ice skating; however, studies show helmet use should be mandated for children.

A study of 80 patients who visited the Accident Service at John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford for ice skating related injuries found that 56% were beginner skaters, defined as having skated less than 10 times. Eighty two and a half percent of the patients were 11 to 25 years-old. The study suggests that children who are beginner skaters are more likely to sustain injury than experienced skaters. Other research studies show similar results. In a study of 43 patients admitted to the Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital with ice skating related injuries, 65% were first time skaters. The study found need for increased public awareness about the risk of potential injury from ice skating and for preventative measures to improve safety.

Insurance companies strongly urge skating facilities to post a warning potential of risks at the entrance of the buildings, which releases the facilities from general liability. However, people visiting ice skating rinks are not well informed about the potential risks of the activity before arrival. Often they do not read posted placards. If provided with the background knowledge, ahead of their visit to the ice skating rink, many guests would have the opportunity to bring safety equipment from home. A need exists for a public awareness campaign.

Positive Effect of Sports Involvement

An ice skating rink is a place for children to visit on a regular basis, during their out of school time, to engage in positive, fun exercise. The key to helping the child enjoy their experience, and continue to return to the ice skating rink, is to make sure they have a positive first experience. This may not mean becoming an expert skater, but becoming competent on the ice that he/she can have a positive social experience and be “ice safe.” In order for this to happen, the participants must learn to skate with the proper safety equipment, including helmets. Once they learn the skill, he/she will continue to return to the facility with their friends. Having a positive place to go during out of school time will help the children avoid risky behaviors.

Conclusion

Cycling, skiing, and hockey have made changes in their safety guidelines based on the trends and statistics of head injuries in the sport. As the governing body for skating, the International Skating Union, known as the ISU has to take action to require worldwide helmet use for skaters. Once the ISU takes the first step, member countries can incorporate helmet rules into basic training programs and begin a public awareness campaign. Reducing the incidents of head injury will improve the overall safety of the sport. As safety improves, more people will continue participating in the sport of ice skating.

Although there are any number of different networking groups and events you can attend, some of the best networking can occur within your organization. To build your profile and reputation internally and understand "who's who in the zoo" it is worth investing time to get to know the people around you. Here are some suggestions of activities you could try to boost your internal networking skills.

Volunteer for the social committee . Every business (large or small) has a social committee (sometimes is it informal) designed to create fun activities to get to know co-workers. Invest some of your time to help the team create some fun and energy in your workplace. Organize a variety of events – some costing money, others that are free, some that include family members or partners and some that involved outside activity ie company picnic – you can all meet in a park, take your own food, provide sports equipment and plan to have fun. This activity also allows others to meet your extended family and help learn more about you. If you want to keep it strictly to those you work with, organize an event where you can meet people during the week and participate in an activity ie ten pin bowling or the movies. By choosing a week night it means people are not giving up their weekend. At Christmas hold an event to help a charity by collecting gifts or tinned food to donate to the needy.

Arrange a Lunchtime self-development session . Determine a topic you and your colleagues would be interested in, then simply invite someone into your organization to give a brief presentation allowing time for questions and answers. You do not need to pay this person; they may be an internal expert you invite. Choose someone who is an expert in his or her topic area. When organizing the meeting, set up the agenda so that there is time when people come to meet each other, allow 20 minutes for the presentation, 10 minutes for questions and a few minutes at the end to continue chatting to co-workers.

Start Friday night drinks after work . Suggest your team finish at 5.00 on Friday afternoon and all meet at a local bar or café. Invite other teams that you work with to join you. Meet from 5.00 – 6.00 PM so it is not a late night and still allows people to meet other Friday evening commitments. Pick a central location close to the office and make it a regular event. After a month it will gain momentum and people will know you are there and will join you when they leave the office.

Organize a lunchtime sports team . This is a great way to build teamwork internally and also get to know people from other areas within the organization. Put up a notice or send an email asking for interested parties and then form a team ie basketball, football, tennis, soccer team are all fun and easy to organize. Find an oval, park or gym close to the office you can use and set a regular time and day each week to meet. This is a great way to also get fresh air and exercise while networking. You might even like to get everyone to donate some funds and organization team t-shirts to wear, your organization may even have some you can use!

Hold a quarterly breakfast forum and invite the CEO . Make an appointment with your CEO's Personal Assistant and advise them you would like to invite the CEO to a quarterly breakfast where they can meet the team and also answer questions they might have. Once you get approval from the PA, book the next quarter's date and find a suitable venue (preferably close to the office). Each person pays for their own breakfast so it does not cost the company any money. Make arrangements with a café close to the office or in-house catering if you have it, and start at 7.30 and finish by 8.45. This allows people to meet, ask the CEO questions and get involved in discussions.

Seek out (or start) a mentor program . Identify people you would like to learn from within the organization and approach them about being mentored for 6 months. If your organization already has a mentoring program, sign up and get involved.

Write for the company newsletter . Offer to provide articles or updates for the internal newsletter. This is a great way to work with the production team (who are often volunteers looking for content for the newsletter).

Get involved in a charity . Select a describing charity and organize events within the company to raise money for them. Your company may already have a chosen charity, if so; invite someone from the organization to update your collections on suggestions of how you can help even more. This can be a fun way to help others and also help you get to know those you work with. Make it an annual event if it is something special ie red nose day or Daffodil day.

Hold a 'brown bag' seminar at lunchtime . Invite everyone to bring his or her own lunch; you can invite a speaker to provide information to the team. The topics may be relevant to them for outside life ie health, fitness, family or some way to add value to the people you work with. The topics can come from our colleagues – ask them for suggestions. You can hold these on a monthly basis and allow time within the agenda to meet at least two other people from other departments. Advertise it on the notice boards, email and in the bathrooms (you would be surprised how many people read information in the bathrooms).

Organization cross-function team events . Get to know other teams within the business by holding a morning tea and asking the other team to explain what they do within the business and the challenges that they face, and then you do the same. This is a great way to find about others and also share what you are working on.

Start a book club . Find a few people who are interested in similar books to you, set yourself a book to read every two months. If it is an Australian author, invite them to join you at one of your meetings to explain more about the book and why it was written. Most authors love to meet their readers. When you get together, chat about what you learn from the book, what your opinions are on the writing style and what you liked most about the book.

Get in a project team . Seek opportunities to work on projects within your team and with other departments. Ensure you have your manager's permission to be involved. This is a great way to network and learn from others.

Offer to be the MC . If you have a conference or event, offer your services to be the master (or mistress) of ceremonies. This will help you meet other people within the organization, external experts that might be invited as part of the event and also help profile your skills.

Provide your business card to co-workers . When you meet someone from another department always offer your card. This will give them your contact information if they want to contact you again.

Make the most of getting to know those you work with, take time to learn what they do and how you can work together to achieve your goals.

If you are using an elliptical-type machine for intervals, then I believe that you are not getting the results you deserve. Especially if you’re not using my Elliptical MP3 Workouts! In my opinion, the elliptical machines are one of the least effective methods for losing fat when used in the traditional way most people employ them.

What do I mean by that? Well, most people like the elliptical machine because it seems easy and low stress on the body and joints. This means that you’re not doing any work!!!

The elliptical is only effective once the resistance is kicked up several notches so you feel like your muscles are actually working instead of simply going along with the machines momentum for a nice stroll in the park!

If used properly, this machine can be a miracle fat burning as it activates more muscle than any other form of cardio. However, do it incorrectly and you’re wasting your time.

We recently ran a focus group on my Elliptical MP3 Workouts in a local gym in Toronto. Asking people to try these iPod/MP3 cardio workouts, I came across a fit young woman whom I always see on the elliptical. So I asked her if she would be willing to give the program a shot. She said certainly and then immediately asked if she could still read her magazines while doing the workout. After asking why she reads during her elliptical workouts she replied “Because it passes the time and I don’t get as bored.”

I assured that these workouts are very engaging through my auditory coaching and heart pumping cardio music and that they provide a challenge that she’s probably never experienced.

Ten minutes after she started the workout, I came back to see how she was doing. To my delight she was glistening with sweat and out of breath! After the 30-minute workout she came back to me and said it was one of the most challenging, enjoyable, and motivating workouts that she’d ever done. She didn’t need to read her magazines and she was blown away at the technology and value that the program provided her.

The moral of the story is that our Elliptical MP3 Workouts are designed based on what scientific studies tell us about what works and what doesn’t. These workouts challenge not only your cardiovascular system, but also all of your bodies muscles because they incorporate a significant resistance component.

So the problem is not the elliptical itself — it’s just that it tends to allow/promote momentum (as most people have the resistance too low) from bodyweight alone. So unless you crank up the resistance and actually produce some force and/or MOVE your bodyweight – it’s nothing but momentum. So if you’re not actively using your muscles to produce some sort of force you aren’t burning many calories!

So if you’re serious about burning fat and training your cardiovascular system, then check out our Elliptical MP3 Workouts for the greatest elliptical workout of your life!